Sow raising has always been a topic that many people care about and focus on. The success of sow production is crucial to the productivity and profitability of each farm, and it also depends on many different factors from breed, technology, and conditions of foster care. Prevention and management of pathogens … Below are some common diseases in sows before and after giving birth.
Due to successive metritis, postpartum placenta.
Due to infection: from the environment to the breast causes inflammation; Piglet teeth scratch the nipples and cause infection.
After giving birth, maternal blood calcium is too low, leading to milk fever in the sow leading to mastitis.
The unhygienic barn creates conditions for germs to multiply and develop and cause disease.
Pigs appear red, swollen breasts 2 days after birth, usually symmetrical between two rows of breasts, hot to touch, pressing on the breast of the mother pig shows pain. If the inflammation is severe, the pig will stop eating, do not want to breastfeed, have a fever of 40.5 – 42 ° C, and milk lumps in the inflamed breasts. The inflamed breasts spread to the other breasts very quickly. If treatment is not timely, pigs will lose milk.
In the case of low blood calcium levels after giving birth leading to the sow having a fever, all breasts are inflamed and swollen red.
Before the sows give birth, they must thoroughly disinfect the barn. Use IODINE diluted with water at the rate of 1:25, spray thoroughly on the floor and wall of the cage to kill germs 2 times / week.
Bathe the sow thoroughly before putting it in the birthing box.
The sows must be reduced in rations (about 50%) including: carbohydrates, protein, enhanced green vegetables before farrowing.
Canine teeth for piglets when they are born.
Check and collect all the placenta, do not let the mother pig eat because milk fever will develop.
Light injection form of one dose OXYTOCIN – INJ to stimulate lactation 2 times, before and after farrowing.
AMOXY injection form 15%: 1ml / 15kg body weight, biceps injection 1 time / 2 days, 5 consecutive days
CYTASAL injection form: 1ml / 15-20kg weight intramuscularly 1 time / day, 3 consecutive days.
For drinking GLUCO-K-C: 30g / 1 liter of water. For oral administration 2 times / day
Use warm water to compress the inflamed nipples to reduce swelling, heat, redness, and pain, then gently massage the breasts with your hands to soften the breasts. Squeeze an inflamed breast 4 to 5 times a day to give up all the milk to limit the spread from an inflamed breast to a healthy breast.
Spray IODINE barn at the rate of 1:25 with water, 2 times / week.
Due to many reasons:
Due to insemination, the tools for insemination are infected with pathogens, the disinfection of insemination tools has not met the requirements.
Hard IVF tools rub and create inflammatory foci in the vagina and uterus.
Because boars have ureteritis (when jumping directly) will transmit the disease to female pigs.
Due to midwifery: The farrowing is difficult, the farrowing time is long; interventions in the delivery process to build close to the uterine lining; Due to each other, each other is rotten.
Due to environment: poor hygiene in barns, no disinfection of barns before putting sows into farrowing pens
Disease occurs 1-2 days after birth or 8-10 days after birth, there are two main forms:
Seborrheic inflammation: appears 12 – 24 hours after birth, mucus secretes from the uterus, clear, cloudy or cloudy, and has a fishy odor. Pork with mild fever.
Purulent inflammation: fever, temperature increase from 40 – 41oC, can cause death of sows if not treated promptly. Inflammatory fluid accumulates in the uterine sinus. In the vulva has thick, opaque yellow pus, thick blood mixed with blood, the odor of stinking, the disease usually lasts 3 – 4 days. Milk decreased or stopped completely, piglet diarrhea, stunted death. Sows may die in weak animals or, if cured, should not be kept as breeding.
Clean barns before and after giving birth
The hands of the midwife and delivery tools must be thoroughly disinfected.
Provide adequate clean water for the sows to drink during pregnancy
After giving birth, to douch the uterus about 5-6 times, within 3 days
TERAMYCIN LA injection form: 1ml / 15-20 kg body weight, inject muscle 1 time / 2 days, 3 times in a row.
Amoxy antibiotic injection 15%: 1ml / 15kg weight, 1 time / day, 5 days in a row.
Antipyretic: PARA-SONE 10g / 40kg body weight, oral dose of 2 times / day.
Give GLUCO-K-C 30g / 1 liter of water, 2 times / day.
Use IODINE 10ml / 100ml with cervical water 1 time / day for 3 consecutive days. You can mix salt water (1 teaspoon mixed 2 liters of cooled boiled water) or purple medicine 0.70 / 00, to douch the uterus, 2-3 times a day, continuously for 3 days.
OXYTOCINE-INJ 1 dose injected after giving birth, for the uterus to contract and expel fluid, and at the same time stimulate milk production.
As a result of metritis and mastitis.
Hormone disorders; Inappropriate diet
Usually 1 – 3 days after birth or any other time during child-rearing.
The breasts were not engorged, the milk did not flow out, the breasts shrank, then lost the milk completely.
When suckling the piglets cry a lot and run over and back. Piglets often suffer from diarrhea and high mortality rates.
For oral administration of GLUCO in combination with PARA-SONE
OXYTOCINE injection just before and after birth.