Category Archive : Livestock library

THERMAL CHECK – A job is essential for men

When your pet has some unusual signs, you need to have a temperature check right away to promptly treat. As we all know, dogs and cats are often not able to talk and when suffering from mild illnesses, they will still function normally and cannot detect them. That is why their illnesses often have specific signs that we can only know such as coughing, coughing, stubborn eyes, stools, refusing to eat … At this time, the disease has progressed to a most advanced stage. and need to conduct treatment. We have the saying “Prevention is better than cure”. Therefore, once you have determined that you should raise any little Pet, you should also regularly take care of them in addition to bathing, washing, eating, and should also pay attention to check your health, especially when it is cold or Seasonal weather. There are many ways to measure body temperature. The simple way is the daily observation with the naked eye that is observing the nose mirror and the state of the skin and hair: – Normal animals: the nose mirror is evenly moist, shiny black. Dry nose mirror – Fever animal: Dry nose mirror with drops on nose mirror, uneven moisture: low humidity. The fur is ruffled and the skin is dry. – Ear, nose and head sensing is not considered a reliable method, you must determine the dog’s actual internal temperature to indicate with certainty. How to check the temperature? The temperature check is done using an oral or rectal thermometer, either an electronic thermometer or a mercury thermometer. Ear thermometers can also be used in dogs, which are essential for easy, quick and accurate temperature measurements.

a. Guide to rectal temperature measurement

Some can let you take your temperature easily, but others don’t cooperate when you do. Therefore, for the measurement to work smoothly, you need to have someone else (preferably the owner of the dog) hold the dog as you go. Specifically as follows: If using a mercury thermometer, be sure to scale the mercury column below the 35 ° C line. Then lubricate the thermometer with vaselin or a water-soluble lubricant. Your helper holds the dog’s head and front by hugging it tightly. Lift the tail and insert the thermometer slowly and carefully into the rectum. Take the thermometer about 2-3 minutes deep and hold it for two to three minutes if using a mercury thermometer or until it beeps if using an electronic thermostat. Remove the thermometer from the rectum and read the results. b. Instructions for measuring ear temperature The normal ear temperature in dogs is between 100.0 and 103.0 degrees F (37.8 degrees and 39.4 degrees C). Ear thermometers work by measuring infrared heat waves coming from the ear drum areas. The ear drum is considered a good indicator of body temperature as well as measures of blood brain temperature. It is important to place the thermometer deep into the horizontal ear canal for an accurate reading. An ear thermometer like the Pet-Temp® is designed for dogs and cats with a long arm for better operation of the ear canal structure, allowing it to probe deep into the ear canal. For the first few times of use, take both ear and rectum measurements and compare. The results are roughly the same if you get the technique right.

c. Read results:

Take the dog’s temperature at two different times of the day and then average it, the results can vary depending on the animal’s metabolism or the diseases that cause the fever. The body temperature of dogs and cats is in normal physiological state: Dogs: 37.5 – 39.0 degrees C Cats: 38.0 – 39.5 degrees C. If your dog has a body temperature below 99 degrees and above 104 degrees F (about <37 degrees and above 40 degrees C, call your veterinarian or local emergency facility right away.High temperature: High body temperature means your dog has infection or heat-related illness Symptoms of a fever: In a fever the animal is often slow, reduces appetite or stops eating.Dehydration is common, especially when the animal refuses to drink water: some Other symptoms include: hot skin, dry nose mirrors, pale nasal and oral mucosa, touching hot base of the ears, often in the dark. Hypothermia: If your dog has hypothermia will show some of the Some of the following symptoms are as follows: – Shivering – Blue color in the gums – Panting – Fainting – Seizures, epilepsy Other symptoms: Hypothermia may be caused by causes such as: Lowering blood sugar, infection, heat shock, poisoning This can cause a number of symptoms such as: vomiting, foaming in the mouth, drooling, diarrhea, blood in the vomit and stools. Temperature measurement and regular check-up is very important. If you have time, check back every 3 days and increase the frequency when the weather changes.
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VARIETIES IN VIETNAM

Traditional Vietnamese pig breeds are very fatty and grow slowly. Therefore, they are not suitable for economic development needs. Therefore, at present, Vietnamese people tend to raise imported hybrid pigs, leading to the risk of gradually losing native breeds.

Mong Cai Pigs

Mong Cai pigs originated from Mong Cai city, Quang Ninh province, and are now present in many northern and central provinces and the Central Highlands. Mong Cai pig includes 2 lines: big bones and small bones. [2] Mong Cai pigs have a black head, white triangular or diamond-shaped in the middle of the forehead, and a white snout. The back, buttocks, neck are black in the shape of a saddle, the rest are white. The fertility of Mong Cai pigs is quite high, from 10-16 heads / litter, the weight of newborn piglets is 0.5-0.7 kg / head, and the lean rate is 32-35%.

pot-bellied pig

Piglet is a local breed of pig in the North of Vietnam, nowadays rarely raised due to its low economic efficiency and in danger of extinction. Lard pork breeds (also known as pork belly) have much less fat meat (lean ratio is only 36% while fat accounts for 54%). Pig raising for the whole year is only 40–50 kg, while the breeding pig for six months has reached 70-80 kg. Fat piglets are only raised in a few poor households in Hoang Hoa, Thanh Hoa. In the years 2001-2003, in this area there were 50 gilts and four boars preserved, by 2007 there were only 30 female and four boars.

 

Swine flu

Pigs, swine or spotted pig is a breed of small pig that is cross between domestic pig and wild boar originating from central Vietnam, and is kept free, usually weighs around 10 kg, has a curved back, a very cute belly, and meat Very firm, very smart and likes to clean, can be used as pets, pets or as an ingredient for many delicious dishes. Pigs are inherently intelligent pigs, are cleaner than other pigs, they have a very small body, if raised for a long time they are only as much as a puppy. Chum pigs or swine are domestic breeds, with small and medium weight.

 

Squirrel pig

Squirrel pig or dike pig is a type of pig of the Ede and the M’nong. This breed of domestic pig is suitable for some characteristics and topography of the village of ethnic minorities in the Central Highlands. They have houses on stilts that are high above the ground so that water does not enter the house when floods come or avoid wild animals, and the lower floor also makes cages for these pigs like animals. Nowadays, the village does not do that anymore, but instead sets up its own barn for a distance away from home to avoid epidemics

Grass pig

Grass pig or dike or armpit pig is a breed of pig indigenous to Vietnam. They are small in volume, thin, impoverished, slow to grow and are the specialty of some poor lands in the Central region, mainly in the former district IV provinces, associated with a period of a poor economy. with poor management during the subsidy period, pigs were raised spontaneously and degenerated due to inbreeding. They are now raised for specialties.

Lung Pu black pig

This is an indigenous breed of pig in Meo Vac, currently being raised in 4 districts in Ha Giang province. [3] Lung Pu black pig is of great stature, raised for 10 to 12 months and weighs 80 to 90 kg. The coat is black, thick and short, the skin is rough, the ears are small, the muzzle is of medium length. On average, there are 10 breasts and an average of 1.5 to 1.6 litters / year. This breed of pig has two types, one has white 4 legs and has white spots on the forehead and muzzle, and the other is jet black. This is the breed of pig with the highest percentage and the best quality compared to other local breeds of Ha Giang. [3]

Pigs of Van Pa

This is the oldest local pig breed of the Van Kieu – Pa Co ethnic minority in 2 mountainous districts of Huong Hoa and Dakrong in Quang Tri province. The weight of mature Van Pa pigs is only 30 – 35 kg. This breed has many wildlife behaviors such as herd, high self-feeding ability, hardship, disease resistance, and delicious meat. [4]

Pig Turtle

This is a native breed of pig in the mountainous Quang Binh province, raised by Khua people in the farmers by the mode of free-grazing and there is no barn. [5] In terms of coat color, Khua pig can have black body hair color, black skin with white spots on 4 legs or black skin with white patches on body. The muzzle is generally long and strong, the back is quite straight.

Pigs of Muong Khuong

As a breed of pig raised in the northern mountainous areas and associated with the H’Mong life, they are a local pig breed for a long time, raised in many areas of Lao Cai province, especially in Muong district. Khuong. This is one of the three precious pig breeds in the Northern provinces, they are also one of the three major domestic pig breeds for economic hybrids in the North of Vietnam. The body is tall, straight back, very voracious, and is more resistant to cold than other pigs. However, the meat was of poor quality; Pigs have few children and are clumsy. Muong Khuong pigs are raised mainly in the Northern midlands.

Pigs Tips

Meo Pig, also known as Meo Pig, is a breed of the H’Mong people, raised in households in a number of mountainous communes in Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Lao Cai, Yen Bai [6]. Tips are purebred by the H’Mong people for a long time in lowland areas, cool climate all year round. Pigs are good luck


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